The theory of Traditional Chinese Medicine states that the meridians run through various parts of the body, structures and organs, and provide pathways for Qi (energy) and blood circulation. When Qi or blood circulation is impeded, it causes obstructions in the meridians and dysfunctions of internal organs, eventually leading to diseases and disorders.
In Traditional Chinese Medicine, there are different kinds of treatment modalities to unblock meridians and restore free flow of Qi and blood in the body, hence to promote health & wellbeing and to treat diseases and disorders. Dr. Jeon mainly uses acupuncture, moxibustion, cupping and electrical stimulation in her practice.
Acupuncture promotes natural healing process in the body by stimulating acupuncture points with a thin acupuncture needle. According to research, acupuncture has measurable physiological effects. When a needle is inserted into acupuncture points, it not only increases the regional blood flow but also stimulates afferent nerve pathways. These stimulations induce the release of endogenous opioids, such as beta-endorphins, met-enkephalins and dynorphin, which helps decrease pain perception in the body. The therapeutic effects of acupuncture is not limited to pain control, but also influences the immune system, gastrointestinal system and metabolism in the body. According to WHO, acupuncture has been proved, through clinical trials, to be effective in the following diseases, symptoms or conditions:
- Adverse reactions to radiotherapy and/or chemotherapy
- Allergic rhinitis (including hay fever)
- Biliary colic
- Depression (including depressive neurosis and depression following stroke)
- Dysentery, acute bacillary
- Dysmenorrhea, primary
- Epigastralgia, acute (in peptic ulcer, acute and chronic gastritis, and gastrospasm)
- Facial pain (including craniomandibular disorders)
- Hypertension, essential
- Hypotension, primary
- Induction of labour
- Low back pain
- Malposition of fetus, correction of
- Morning sickness
- Nausea and vomiting
- Neck pain
- Pain in dentistry (including dental pain and temporomandibular dysfunction)
- Periarthritis of shoulder
- Postoperative pain
- Renal colic
- Rheumatoid arthritis
- Tennis elbow
There are also other diseases, symptoms or conditions that acupuncture has been shown to be effective, yet further proof is needed. For a list conditions, please click here.
Electroacupuncture (EA) is a type of acupuncture in which electrical currents are applied to the body through a pair of acupuncture needles. EA has been shown to stimulate the release of different opioid substances in the body, which can provide pain relief. Compared to acupuncture, EA may induce a greater activation of peripheral nerves and therefore more extensive activation of the endogenous opioid system (i.e. greater pain relief) as it can provide more consistent stimulation at the ideal intensity & frequency setting. It is commonly used for musculoskeletal disorders, i.e. injuries or pain in the joints, ligaments, muscles, nerves and tendons.
Cupping is a therapy commonly used to restore and enhance the flow of energy and blood by creating suction on the skin by heated cups. Compared to other treatment modalities, cupping is particularly effective in treating the problems affecting the skin, joints and muscles. Common applications are back pain, shoulder pain, sciatica, knee and hip joint pain, muscle tightness & pain, atrophy syndrome (weakness, numbness of the limbs, wasting or reducing the size of a limb), cold & influenza and eczema.
Moxibustion is a type of heat therapy in TCM. It initiates healing process by burning mugwort floss on or over acupuncture points or an affected region. In addition to the effects of unblocking the meridians and regulating qi and blood, moxibustion has the effects of warming and invigorating the energy in the body. Common applications are breech baby, diarrhea, colitis, urinary incontinence/retention, dysmenorrhea, knee osteoarthritis, soft tissue injury, asthma and shingles. According to research, moxibustion has the thermal effect (raise the temperature outside and inside the skin) as well as visible light & infrared radiation effects. These effects are related to increase in blood circulation and improvement of the cell and enzyme activities after moxibustion treatment.